History of Cheerleading
1877 - 1st official cheer. the "Princeton Cheer" is printed in the issues of the Daily Princetonian. The lyrics "Hurrah! Hurrah! Hurrah! Tiger! S-s-s-t! Boom! A-h-h-h!" is now referred to as the "Locomotive"
1897 - Princeton graduate Thomas Peebles moves to Minnesota and brings the idea od organised cheers to the University of Minnesota.
1897 - Princeton officially nominates three official "Cheer Leaders" - 3 males responsible to lead the crowds into organised cheers
1898 - Student Johnny Campbell directs the crowds at Minnesota with the infamous cheer: "Rah, Rah, Rah! Ski-u-mah, Hoo-Rah! Hoo-Rah! Varsity! Varsity! Varsity, Minn-e-So-Tah!"
This officially marks the birth of cheerleading and making Johnny Campbell the pioneer of cheerleading.
1903 - The first cheerleading fraternity is founded at the University of Minnesota: Gamma Sigma.
1923 - During World War II women began to become more involved in cheerleading and started to incorporate tumbling, megaphones and gymnastics.
1948 - Lawrence "Herkie" Herkimer formed the National Cheerleading Association in Dallas, to hold cheerleading clinics. Herkie's pioneering contributions to cheerleading are largely associated with the invention of the 'Herkie' jump, the spirit stick and creation of the first cheerleading uniform supply company.
1960 - The NFL (National Football League) begin to organise cheerleading teams for their teams
1960s - College cheerleaders start hosting cheerleading workshops for high schools
1965 - Fred Gastoff invented the vinyl pompom
1972 - Dallas Cowboys intorduce a new look: bringing "Broadway to AstroTurf" that will forever change the look and styling of professional cheerleading
1974 - The Universal Cheerleaders Association was created to provide training and education.
1983 - Modern cheerleading starts to take its form and the United States Allstar-Federation is created. ESPN boradcasts the first High School Naitonal Cheerleading Competition
1987 - Creation of the American Association of Cheerleading Coaches and Advisors
1998 - The International Federation of Cheerleading (IFC) was formed as a non-profit federation based in Tokyo, Japan.
2003 - National Council for Spirit Safety and Education (NCESSE) is created to provide education and safety training for cheerleading teams of all ages, levels and divisions
2004 - First Cheerleading World Championships hosted by USASF at Walt Disney World
2007 - ICC Twenty2- Cricket intorduces cheerleading the same year as the IPL
2013 - SportAccord, the umbrella organisation for both Olympic and non-Olympic international sports federations, accepted the ICU (International Cheer Union) world governing body for cheerleading (the International Cheer Union) into its sporting dynasty.
2017 - Cheerleading is recognised as a sport by receiving preliminary recognition by the International Olympic Committee
2018 - University of Kentucky represents Team USA the Tokyo Winter Olympics for showcase performances
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